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The Most DO-Friendly Internal Medicine/Pediatrics Programs in the US

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by Yousmle Staff in Residency

Are you wondering how DO-friendly (or unfriendly) internal medicine/pediatrics is as a US medical specialty? Do you want to know your chances of matching in this highly competitive field? Would you love to figure out what internal medicine/pediatrics programs a DO would stand the best chance?

This article will give you the most up-to-date information on DO-friendly internal medicine/pediatrics programs. Use this information to strategize on whether – and where – to apply to maximize your chances of matching as a DO in internal medicine/pediatrics.


  • Internal Medicine/Pediatrics is not a very DO-friendly US medical specialty. Despite having a high % of match rate, the % of spots filled by DOs is low
  • There are a number of internal medicine/pediatrics residency matching programs that offer opportunities to DOs
  • See the full list of searchable residency programs to strategize where DOs have recently been the most welcome
  • Be sure to bookmark this page – and sign up for the newsletter – to keep up with the latest residency and USMLE trends and maximize your chances of matching

Table of Contents

What’s the Difference Between a DO and an MD?

Let’s start with some definitions.

DO: Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Licensed physicians trained in “whole body” wellness and treatment techniques in muscle and joint manipulation in addition to mainstream treatments.
Allopathy Vs. Osteopathy

In the US, there are two main branches of registered physician:

  • Allopathy: In this path, doctors train in modern, sometimes referred to as “Western”, medicine to treat symptoms and diseases. Doctors who train in this branch are licensed as Doctors of Medicine (MD)
  • Osteopathy: These doctors have the same education and licensing exams as MDs but have additional training in muscle and joint manipulation. Doctors who train in Osteopathy are licensed as Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) and have the same residency training and choices as MDs.

To begin practicing medicine, DOs and MDs must take specific licensing exams:

  • COMLEX-USA: This test assesses osteopathic medical knowledge in addition to allopathic medical knowledge in order to become licensed as a DO in the USA.
  • USMLE: This test assesses allopathic medical knowledge and is required to become licensed as an MD.
NRMP: “National Resident Matching Program®”
  • The organization that administers the “Match.” In the match, the NRMP pairs residency applicants with a residency program.

Note that prior to the 2020 Match, DOs had access to a “pool” of residencies reserved for which only they could match. The current system has merged DO and MD residencies so that every applicant has the same “chance” for matching in their chosen specialty.

For more on how to maximize your match chances and how the “Merge” has changed residency applications, see THE MATCH: Everything You Need to Maximize Your Residency Chances

Internal medicine/Pediatrics is Not Very DO-Friendly

Looking at the % of spots filled by DOs in the 2022 Match, we can see internal medicine/pediatrics is not a very DO-friendly specialty. Only 9% of positions were filled by DOs:

Even though the percentage of spots filled by DOs was low, the match rate for this specialty was still above average at 74% in the 2022 match (74%):

Here are the same data represented in a table:

% DO Applied that Matched% DO Unmatched% Positions Filled by DOTotal Positions OfferedTotal # All ApplicantsDO Senior MatchedDO Senior UnmatchedDO Senior Total
**Radiation Oncology0%100%0%185162
**Plastic Surgery0%100%0%194340
Vascular Surgery8%92%1%8414311213
Neurological Surgery43%57%4%24037991221
Orthopaedic Surgery56%44%13%8751,43511186197
Interventional Radiology59%41%12%169226201434
General Surgery62%38%12%1,6222,400200125325
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation64%36%33%53272517699275
Obstetrics and Gynecology65%35%16%1,5032,044241130371
Diagnostic Radiology67%33%15%1,1551,56816984253
Internal Medicine/Pediatrics74%26%9%392458371350
Child Neurology89%11%9%18818217219
Internal Medicine94%6%15%9,80911,5981,503931596
Emergency Medicine95%5%25%2,9212,81373638774
Family Medicine96%4%27%4,9165,0551,345621407

For more on the most competitive DO medical specialties, see this article.

The Most DO-Friendly Internal Medicine/Pediatrics Residency Programs

As the data from the most recent GME census shows, even though most internal medicine/ pediatrics residency programs do not favor DOs, some programs are more likely to fill spots with DOs. For example, two internal medicine/pediatrics residency programs had DO percentages higher than 50%: Vidant (54%) and Geisinger (50%). Additionally, two had DO rates of 30% or higher: The University of Illinois (36%) and Penn State Milton S Hershey (31%).

Here is a list of the most (and least) competitive internal medicine/pediatrics  programs for DOs. It includes data from the most recent National GME Census Survey. Percentages are of all residents in the program in 2020.

Specialty: Internal Medicine/Pediatrics
ACGME residency program codeResidency program nameCityState% residents US DO graduates% residents US MD graduatesOsteopathic Recognition# applications submitted (2021 NRMP Main Match)% applicants interviewed (2020 NRMP Main Match)# of positions offered (2021 NRMP Main Match)# of positions (2021 NRMP Main Match)
7003632057Vidant Medical Center/East Carolina University ProgramGreenvilleNC5433No24529.166
7004114068Geisinger Health System ProgramDanvillePA5030No24132.555
7001632015University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria ProgramPeoriaIL3658No27737.899
7004132081Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center ProgramHersheyPA3169No23628.244
7003832061The MetroHealth System/Case Western Reserve University ProgramClevelandOH2958No52828.466
7005532080West Virginia University ProgramMorgantownWV2965No17524.733
7000914009Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University/Christiana Care Health Services ProgramNewarkDE2476No24023.655
7002832036University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine ProgramKansas CityMO2278No19725.766
7005632096Medical College of Wisconsin Affiliated Hospitals ProgramMilwaukeeWI2179No28540.466
7002714035University of Mississippi Medical Center ProgramJacksonMS1684No16835.155
7001014129MedStar Health/Georgetown University Hospital ProgramWashingtonDC1388No35744
7001614014Loyola University Medical Center ProgramMaywoodIL1387No29726.944
7003014136University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Medicine ProgramOmahaNE1381No17634.644
7003514044Albany Medical Center ProgramCohoesNY1381No27032.844
7001132125University of South Florida Morsani ProgramTampaFL1288No19518.155
7004814075University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston ProgramHoustonTX984No29522.988
7003500106Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai ProgramNew YorkNY883No28544
7003532093Stony Brook Medicine/University Hospital ProgramStony BrookNY883No25425.333
7002832126University of Missouri-Columbia ProgramColumbiaMO733No49828.244
7004732071University of Tennessee ProgramMemphisTN793No23336.11414
7005132077Virginia Commonwealth University Health System ProgramRichmondVA793No25633.544
7003532049University at Buffalo ProgramBuffaloNY665No22319.744
7003832121Case Western Reserve University/University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center ProgramClevelandOH694No31312.544
7001114086University of Miami/Jackson Health System ProgramMiamiFL595No30019.455
7003814082University of Cincinnati Medical Center/College of Medicine ProgramCincinnatiOH496No36624.177
7003532054University of Rochester ProgramRochesterNY397No26535.288
7002614034University of Minnesota ProgramMinneapolisMN298No268411010
7000532130UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine/UCLA Medical Center ProgramLos AngelesCA0100No22817.944
7000814127Yale-New Haven Medical Center ProgramNew HavenCT0100No26618.744
7001614012University of Chicago ProgramChicagoIL0100No33223.444
7001614013University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago ProgramChicagoIL093No33830.144
7003332040Rutgers Health/New Jersey Medical School ProgramNewarkNJ0100No26326.944
7003614056Duke University Hospital ProgramDurhamNC0100No34724.166
7003632055University of North Carolina Hospitals ProgramChapel HillNC0100No33720.766
7003814063Ohio State University Hospital ProgramColumbusOH0100No31930.61010
7004114128UPMC Medical Education ProgramPittsburghPA0100No30215.344
7004114129University of Pennsylvania Health System ProgramPhiladelphiaPA0100No33316.366
7004314108Brown University ProgramProvidenceRI0100No2622244
7004514135Prisma Health/University of South Carolina SOM Greenville (Greenville) ProgramGreenvilleSC0100No20131.655
7004532127Medical University of South Carolina ProgramCharlestonSC0100No25223.444
7004714070Vanderbilt University Medical Center ProgramNashvilleTN0100No33224.766
7004800114University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center ProgramDallasTX0100No28221.144
7004814074Baylor College of Medicine ProgramHoustonTX0100No32528.799
7004914091University of Utah Health ProgramSalt Lake CityUT0100No18521.633
7000132085USA Health ProgramMobileALNo13132.333
7002532030Hurley Medical Center/Michigan State University ProgramFlintMINo31320.533
7002532033Beaumont Health (Royal Oak) ProgramRoyal OakMINo3222044
7003932067University of Oklahoma School of Community Medicine (Tulsa) ProgramTulsaOKNo000
7003932090University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center ProgramOklahoma CityOKNo24114.233
7004232145University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine ProgramSan JuanPRNo4714.922
7005532079Marshall University School of Medicine ProgramHuntingtonWVNo30520.822
7005614109Marshfield Clinic ProgramMarshfieldWINo21819.122

Concluding Thoughts

Internal Medicine/Pediatrics is not very DO-friendly. While the match rate is high at 74%, the percentage of positions filled by DOs is low. Most internal medicine/pediatrics matching programs do not favor DOs. That said, there are still opportunities for DOs to pursue this specialty for the top applicants. For instance: two programs had a DO rate higher than 50% and two had a rate higher than 30%.

Are you despairing at your chances of matching into internal medicine/pediatrics as a DO? Then, check out Never Forget, where you can learn how to master – not memorize – for the impressive USMLE scores to match at your dream residency. And if you’re looking for a residency advisor, look at our residency advisory services.

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Want FREE Cardiology Flashcards?

Cardiology is key for impressive USMLE scores. Master cardiology from a Harvard-trained anesthesiologist who scored USMLE 270 with these 130+ high-yield flash cards. You’ll be begging for cardio questions - even if vitals make you queasy.