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The Most IMG-Friendly Otolaryngology Programs in the US

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by Monique Cloete in IMG, Residency

Are you wondering how IMG-friendly (or unfriendly) otolaryngology is as a US medical specialty? Do you want to know your chances of matching in this highly competitive field? Would you love to figure out what otolaryngology programs an IMG would stand the best chance?

This article will give you the most up-to-date information on IMG-friendly otolaryngology programs. Use this information to strategize on whether – and where – to apply to maximize your chances of matching as an IMG in otolaryngology.


  • Otolaryngology is the least IMG-friendly US medical specialty.
  • However, many of the top otolaryngology programs have at least some IMGs.
  • Some otolaryngology programs have a moderate number of IMGs, including Illinois (20% IMGs) and Yale (13% IMGs).
  • In addition, some programs favor US IMGs while others prefer non-US IMGs.
  • See the full list of searchable residency programs to strategize where IMGs have recently been the most welcome.
  • Be sure to bookmark this page – and sign up for the newsletter – to keep up with the latest residency and USMLE trends and maximize your chances of matching.

Table of Contents

What is an IMG Again?

Let’s start with some definitions.

IMG: International Medical Graduate
  • You attended a medical school outside of the United States and Canada
US- vs. Non-US IMGs

IMGs consist of two sub-groups:

  • US-IMGs: US Citizens or permanent residents who attended a “foreign” medical school. Example: someone born in the US but went to a Caribbean medical school (a non-US school).
  • Non-US IMGs: Non-US citizens or permanent residents who attended a “foreign” medical school. Example: someone born in South Korea, who does not have US citizenship or a green card, and who went to medical school in South Korea.
NRMP: “National Resident Matching Program®”
  • The organization that administers the “Match.” In the Match, the NRMP pairs residency applicants with a residency program.

Note that “International Medical Graduate” (IMG) refers to the medical school you attended. Thus, a foreign citizen who attends a US medical school is NOT an IMG. However, a US citizen attending a med school outside the US would be considered an IMG. (Technically, s/he would be a US IMG).

For more on how IMGs can attain residency in the US, see The IMG’s Guide to Obtaining Residency in the United States (2022).

Otolaryngology is Not IMG-Friendly

Looking at the percentage of spots filled by IMGs in the 2022 Match, we can see otolaryngology was the least IMG-friendly of all specialty fields. No otolaryngology residency program filled a proportion of its available positions with IMGs.

Similarly, the match rate for IMGs in otolaryngology is the lowest of all the specialties, with 0%, in the 2022 Match:

Here are the same data represented in a table:

% Spots Filled by IMGs% Spots Filled by US IMGs% Spots Filled by non-US IMGsTotal Positions OfferedTotal # All Applicants
Child Neurology15%4%11%188182
Diagnostic Radiology8%2%6%1,1551,568
Emergency Medicine7%6%1%2,9212,813
Family Medicine21%13%8%4,9165,055
General Surgery9%3%5%1,6222,400
Internal Medicine36%9%25%9,80911,598
Internal Medicine/Pediatrics5%2%2%392458
Interventional Radiology2%0%2%169226
Neurological Surgery8%1%7%240379
Obstetrics and Gynecology5%2%3%1,5032,044
Orthopaedic Surgery2%1%1%8751,435
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation6%2%3%532725
Plastic Surgery6%1%4%194340
Radiation Oncology11%5%7%185162
Vascular Surgery7%0%7%84143

For more on the most IMG-friendly medical specialties, see this article.

The Most IMG-Friendly Otolaryngology Residency Programs

Although no otolaryngology residency program filled their available positions with IMGs, the most recent GME census shows that some otolaryngology residency programs were IMG-friendly in previous years. For example, one otolaryngology residency program (Illinois) has an IMG percentage of 20%. In addition, four other residencies have IMG rates of 10% or higher.

Here is a list of the most (and least) IMG-friendly otolaryngology programs. It includes data from the most recent National GME Census Survey. Percentages are of all residents in the program in 2020.

ACGME residency program codeResidency program nameCityState% residents IMG (US + Non-US)% residents US-citizen IMGs% residents non-US-citizen IMGs% residents US MD graduates% residents US DO graduatesProgram consider applicants with J-1 visa?Program consider applicants with H-1B visa?Program consider applicants with F-1 Visa (OPT 1st year)?# of positions offered (2021 NRMP Main Match)# of positions (2021 NRMP Main Match)# of applications submitted to this program in 2021% of applicants interviewed by the program in 2020
2801621118Southern Illinois University ProgramSpringfieldIL2010107010YesNoNo2224312.6
2800821026Yale-New Haven Medical Center ProgramNew HavenCT13130880YesNoNo4440210.8
2801821039University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics ProgramIowa CityIA1174890YesYes5539318.2
2801221031Emory University School of Medicine ProgramAtlantaGA1055890YesNoNo444629.5
2803621081Duke University Hospital ProgramDurhamNC1055900YesYesYes4445212.3
2802821058University of Missouri-Columbia ProgramColumbiaMO909829YesNoNo3327016
2804111091Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center ProgramHersheyPA990910YesNoNo3334012.1
2802021041University of Louisville School of Medicine ProgramLouisvilleKY880920YesNoNo3330816.1
2802321047Johns Hopkins University ProgramBaltimoreMD844920Yes4440711.5
2803921088University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center ProgramOklahoma CityOK880920NoNoNo2228313
2804121096UPMC Medical Education (Pittsburgh) ProgramPittsburghPA844910YesNoNo5544410.4
2805511113West Virginia University ProgramMorgantownWV808838YesNoNo3325915.8
2801621033McGaw Medical Center of Northwestern University ProgramChicagoIL707930NoNoNo3345011.8
2802121121Louisiana State University (Shreveport) ProgramShreveportLA707930NoNoNo3324214.8
2802721122University of Mississippi Medical Center ProgramJacksonMS707930YesNoNo3325714.1
2805621114University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics ProgramMadisonWI770930YesNoNo3338610.8
2801121029University of Miami/Jackson Health System ProgramMiamiFL505950YesNoNo4445614
2800521023Stanford Health Care-Sponsored Stanford University ProgramStanfordCA440960YesYesNo5537910.5
2802421049Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary/Harvard Medical School ProgramBostonMA4049605539812
2804121095University of Pennsylvania Health System ProgramPhiladelphiaPA440924NoYesNo554488.4
2802821060Washington University/B-JH/SLCH Consortium ProgramSt LouisMO330970YesYes5542914.7
2800121010University of Alabama Medical Center ProgramBirminghamAL0001000YesNoNo4435815.8
2800300142University of Arizona College of Medicine-Tucson ProgramTucsonAZ0NoNoNo222848
2800331134Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science (Arizona) ProgramPhoenixAZ0YesYesYes223656.7
2800421012University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) College of Medicine ProgramLittle RockAR0001000YesYesNo3329413.9
2800500118Cedars-Sinai Medical Center ProgramLos AngelesCA0NoNoNo2222611.3
2800511007Naval Medical Center (San Diego) ProgramSan DiegoCA0
2800521013University of California Davis Health ProgramSacramentoCA0001000YesNoNo3338511.6
2800521014University of California (Irvine) ProgramOrangeCA0001000YesNoNo2235211.3
2800521015University of Southern California/LAC+USC Medical Center ProgramLos AngelesCA0001000YesYesYes443669.4
2800521017UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine/UCLA Medical Center ProgramLos AngelesCA0001000NoNoNo5536111.9
2800521021University of California (San Diego) Medical Center ProgramSan DiegoCA0001000YesNoYes3337414.7
2800521022University of California (San Francisco) ProgramSan FranciscoCA0001000YesYesNo5535110
2800521117Loma Linda University Health Education Consortium ProgramLoma LindaCA0001000442848.6
2800522020Kaiser Permanente Northern California ProgramOaklandCA0001000YesYesNo2228111
2800721024University of Colorado ProgramAuroraCO0001000YesYesYes444559.1
2800821025University of Connecticut ProgramFarmingtonCT0001000YesNoNo3333010.1
2801021130George Washington University ProgramWashingtonDC0YesNoNo224115.2
2801031132National Capital Consortium ProgramBethesdaMD0
2801032027MedStar Health/Georgetown University Hospital ProgramWashingtonDC0001000YesYesYes334466.4
2801100001Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science ProgramJacksonvilleFL0NoNoNo
2801121028University of Florida ProgramGainesvilleFL0001000YesNoNo3337013.7
2801131030University of South Florida Morsani ProgramTampaFL0001000YesNoNo3330914.7
2801221032Medical College of Georgia ProgramAugustaGA0001000YesNoNo3334513.1
2801411116Tripler Army Medical Center ProgramTripler AMCHI0008020
2801621034Rush University Medical Center ProgramChicagoIL0NoNoNo224219.3
2801621035University of Chicago ProgramChicagoIL0001000YesYesYes3345412
2801621036University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago ProgramChicagoIL0001000YesNoNo3343314.9
2801631037Loyola University Medical Center ProgramMaywoodIL0001000YesNoNo3344212.3
2801721038Indiana University School of Medicine ProgramIndianapolisIN0001000NoNoNo4439715.5
2801931040University of Kansas School of Medicine ProgramKansas CityKS0001000YesNoNo4436713.8
2802021127University of Kentucky College of Medicine ProgramLexingtonKY00088134432411
2802121043Tulane University ProgramNew OrleansLA000937NoNoNo3341311.9
2802131042Louisiana State University ProgramNew OrleansLA0001000NoNoNo4436411.3
2802321048University of Maryland ProgramBaltimoreMD0001000YesNoNo334267.4
2802400053Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center/Harvard Medical School ProgramBostonMA0YesYesYes22011.8
2802431050Tufts Medical Center ProgramBostonMA0YesYesYes224268.2
2802431051Boston University Medical Center ProgramBostonMA0001000YesYesYes4444813.9
2802500138McLaren Health Care/Oakland/MSU ProgramPontiacMI0000100NoNoNo2213011.3
2802500139Ascension Macomb-Oakland Hospital ProgramWarrenMI0000100NoNoNo2212615.1
2802500140Henry Ford Macomb Hospital ProgramClinton TownshipMI0YesNoNo111546.9
2802500141Beaumont Health (Farmington Hills) ProgramFarmington HillsMI0Yes113536
2802500143Detroit Medical Center Corporation ProgramDetroitMI0NoNoNo221008.6
2802512053Henry Ford Hospital ProgramDetroitMI0001000NoNoNo3334411.9
2802521052University of Michigan Health System ProgramAnn ArborMI0001000YesNoNo554399.8
2802521137Wayne State University School of Medicine ProgramDetroitMI000955Yes4432319.1
2802621056Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science (Rochester) ProgramRochesterMN0001000YesYesYes553899.3
2802631055University of Minnesota ProgramMinneapolisMN0001000YesNoNo4439610.3
2802800061Kansas City University GME Consortium (KCU-GME Consortium)/Freeman ProgramJoplinMO0NoNoNo1133510.9
2802821059St Louis University School of Medicine ProgramSt LouisMO0001000NoNoNo223768.8
2803021061University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Medicine ProgramOmahaNE000937YesNoNo3327014.5
2803113139Kirk Kerkorian School of Medicine at UNLV ProgramLas VegasNV0NoNoNo1121915.3
2803212136Dartmouth-Hitchcock/Mary Hitchcock Memorial Hospital ProgramLebanonNH0YesYesYes112717
2803300064Cooper Medical School of Rowan University/Cooper University Hospital ProgramCamdenNJ0YesNoNo1122714.3
2803300065Rutgers Health/New Jersey Medical School ProgramNewarkNJ0006139YesNoNo44015.8
2803421126University of New Mexico School of Medicine ProgramAlbuquerqueNM0YesNoNo2226111.1
2803500001Westchester Medical Center ProgramVahallaNY0
2803500141Stony Brook Medicine ProgramStony BrookNY0YesYesYes1125010.4
2803500142Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (New York Eye and Ear Infirmary/Mount Sinai) ProgramNew YorkNY0001000YesYesNo6640717
2803500143Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell ProgramNew Hyde ParkNY0YesNoNo2226512.5
2803511074New York Presbyterian Hospital (Columbia and Cornell Campus) ProgramNew YorkNY0001000YesNoNo4440611.3
2803513135University at Buffalo ProgramBuffaloNY0001000NoNoNo2228515.8
2803521063Albany Medical Center ProgramAlbanyNY022292
2803521073NYU Grossman School of Medicine ProgramNew YorkNY0001000YesNoNo4442110
2803521078University of Rochester ProgramRochesterNY0001000YesNoNo3333815.8
2803521079SUNY Upstate Medical University ProgramSyracuseNY033322
2803521123SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University ProgramBrooklynNY0001000YesNoNo333478.2
2803521133Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine ProgramBronxNY0001000YesYesNo4438612.5
2803611082Wake Forest University School of Medicine ProgramWinston-SalemNC0001000YesNoNo3341610.9
2803621080University of North Carolina Hospitals ProgramChapel HillNC0001000Yes4445211.2
2803800125OhioHealth/Doctors Hospital ProgramColumbusOH0YesNoNo1113910.4
2803800126Western Reserve Hospital ProgramCuyahoga FallsOH0YesNoNo111198.2
2803800128Kettering Health Network ProgramDaytonOH0NoNoNo1113010.1
2803800129St Elizabeth Boardman Hospital ProgramBoardmanOH0YesNoNo1110715.2
2803821083University of Cincinnati Medical Center/College of Medicine ProgramCincinnatiOH0001000YesNoNo4444512.8
2803821124Case Western Reserve University/University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center ProgramClevelandOH0001000YesNoNo4445312
2803822085Cleveland Clinic Foundation ProgramClevelandOH0001000YesYesYes4444912.1
2803831087Ohio State University Hospital ProgramColumbusOH0001000NoNoNo5546010.3
2803900089Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences ProgramTulsaOK0NoNoNo1185
2804021089Oregon Health & Science University ProgramPortlandOR0001000YesYesNo334116.4
2804100002St Luke’s Hospital – Anderson Campus ProgramEastonPA0YesYesYes220
2804100003Allegheny Health Network Medical Education Consortium ProgramPittsburghPA0110
2804100142Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine ProgramPhiladelphiaPA0000100NoNoNo331178.8
2804100143UPMC Medical Education (Erie) ProgramEriePA0NoNoNo1113810
2804112090Geisinger Health System ProgramDanvillePA02222110.7
2804121092Temple University Hospital ProgramPhiladelphiaPA0YesYesNo2240910.4
2804121093Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University/TJUH ProgramPhiladelphiaPA0001000YesYesYes5544614.9
2804231098University of Puerto Rico ProgramSan JuanPR0001000YesYesYes225014.5
2804521100Medical University of South Carolina ProgramCharlestonSC0001000YesNoNo4445010.8
2804721101University of Tennessee ProgramMemphisTN0001000YesNoNo4436913.8
2804721125Vanderbilt University Medical Center ProgramNashvilleTN0001000YesNoNo554529.8
2804800001Methodist Hospital (Houston) ProgramHoustonTX000
2804800139Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center at Lubbock ProgramLubbockTX0NoNoNo1120612.8
2804811103University of Texas Medical Branch Hospitals ProgramGalvestonTX0001000YesNoNo3329813.2
2804812138Texas A&M College of Medicine-Scott and White Medical Center (Temple) ProgramTempleTX0YesNoNo112357.4
2804821102University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center ProgramDallasTX0001000NoNoNo444359
2804821105University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston ProgramHoustonTX0001000YesNoNo3341214.8
2804821106University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio Joe and Teresa Lozano Long School of Medicine ProgramSan AntonioTX0001000YesYesYes2233017.6
2804821131San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium ProgramJBSA-Fort Sam HoustonTX0
2804831104Baylor College of Medicine ProgramHoustonTX0001000YesNoNo5545412.8
2804921107University of Utah Health ProgramSalt Lake CityUT0001000YesNoNo333978.9
2805011108University of Vermont Medical Center ProgramBurlingtonVT0YesNoNo112548.6
2805121109University of Virginia Medical Center ProgramCharlottesvilleVA0001000Yes334419.2
2805121110Eastern Virginia Medical School ProgramNorfolkVA0001000YesNoNo3334612.9
2805121111Virginia Commonwealth University Health System ProgramRichmondVA0001000YesNoNo3337313.1
2805121120Naval Medical Center (Portsmouth) ProgramPortsmouthVA0
2805421112University of Washington ProgramSeattleWA0001000NoNoNo4440513.7
2805431005Madigan Army Medical Center ProgramTacomaWA0001000NoNoNo
2805621115Medical College of Wisconsin Affiliated Hospitals ProgramMilwaukeeWI0001000YesNoNo3336913

Concluding Thoughts

Otolaryngology is the least IMG-friendly of all specialty fields. None of the otolaryngology residency programs filled a percentage of their available positions with IMGs. That said, for the top of the top applicants, there are still places for IMGs from past data. Moreover, some of the most prestigious programs (Harvard-MGH, Pennsylvania, and Yale) count IMGs among their residents.

Are you despairing at your chances of matching into otolaryngology as an IMG? Then, check out Never Forget, where you can learn how to master – not memorize – for the impressive USMLE scores to match at your dream residency. And if you’re looking for a residency advisor, look at our residency advisory services.

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