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The Most DO-Friendly Pathology Programs in the US

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by Yousmle Staff in Residency

Are you wondering how DO-friendly (or unfriendly) pathology is as a US medical specialty? Do you want to know your chances of matching in this moderately competitive field? Would you love to figure out what pathology programs a DO would stand the best chance?

This article will give you the most up-to-date information on DO-friendly pathology programs. Use this information to strategize on whether – and where – to apply to maximize your chances of matching as a DO in pathology.


  • Pathology is a moderately competitive US medical specialty but there are DO-friendly residency programs
  • Most residency programs accept at least some DOs, while others are DO favored
  • See the full list of searchable residency programs to strategize where DOs have recently been the most welcome
  • Be sure to bookmark this page – and sign up for the newsletter – to keep up with the latest residency and USMLE trends and maximize your chances of matching

Table of Contents

What’s the Difference Between a DO and an MD?

Let’s start with some definitions.

DO: Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Licensed physicians trained in “whole body” wellness and treatment techniques in muscle and joint manipulation in addition to mainstream treatments.
Allopathy Vs. Osteopathy

In the US, there are two main branches of registered physician:

  • Allopathy: In this path, doctors train in modern, sometimes referred to as “Western”, medicine to treat symptoms and diseases. Doctors who train in this branch are licensed as Doctors of Medicine (MD)
  • Osteopathy: These doctors have the same education and licensing exams as MDs but have additional training in muscle and joint manipulation. Doctors who train in Osteopathy are licensed as Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) and have the same residency training and choices as MDs.

To begin practicing medicine, DOs and MDs must take specific licensing exams:

  • COMLEX-USA: This test assesses osteopathic medical knowledge in addition to allopathic medical knowledge in order to become licensed as a DO in the USA.
  • USMLE: This test assesses allopathic medical knowledge and is required to become licensed as an MD.
NRMP: “National Resident Matching Program®”
  • The organization that administers the “Match.” In the match, the NRMP pairs residency applicants with a residency program.

Note that prior to the 2020 Match, DOs had access to a “pool” of residencies reserved for which only they could match. The current system has merged DO and MD residencies so that every applicant has the same “chance” for matching in their chosen specialty.

For more on how to maximize your match chances and how the “Merge” has changed residency applications, see THE MATCH: Everything You Need to Maximize Your Residency Chances

Pathology is Moderately DO-Friendly

Looking at the % of spots filled by DOs in the 2022 Match, we can see pathology was moderately DO-friendly, and ranks average of all residencies.

However, the match rate for DOs in pathology (93%) shows the DOs still have an excellent chance for acceptance in pathology in the 2022 Match:

Here are the same data represented in a table:

% DO Applied that Matched% DO Unmatched% Positions Filled by DOTotal Positions OfferedTotal # All ApplicantsDO Senior MatchedDO Senior UnmatchedDO Senior Total
**Radiation Oncology0%100%0%185162
**Plastic Surgery0%100%0%194340
Vascular Surgery8%92%1%8414311213
Neurological Surgery43%57%4%24037991221
Orthopaedic Surgery56%44%13%8751,43511186197
Interventional Radiology59%41%12%169226201434
General Surgery62%38%12%1,6222,400200125325
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation64%36%33%53272517699275
Obstetrics and Gynecology65%35%16%1,5032,044241130371
Diagnostic Radiology67%33%15%1,1551,56816984253
Internal Medicine/Pediatrics74%26%9%392458371350
Child Neurology89%11%9%18818217219
Internal Medicine94%6%15%9,80911,5981,503931596
Emergency Medicine95%5%25%2,9212,81373638774
Family Medicine96%4%27%4,9165,0551,345621407

For more on the most competitive DO medical specialties, see this article.

The Most DO-Friendly Dermatology Residency Programs

While most pathology programs do accept some DOs, some programs are more likely to fill spots with DOs. For example, 9 pathology residencies in the most recent GME census had DO percentages of 30% or higher. Four had DO rates of 40% or higher: University of Kansas (57% DO), Baylor (47% DO), Ohio State (41% DO) and South Dakota (40% DO).

Here is a list of the most (and least) competitive pathology programs for DOs. It includes data from the most recent National GME Census Survey. Percentages are of all US residents in the program in 2022.

ACGME residency program codePathology residency program nameCityState% residents US DO graduates% residents US MD graduatesOsteopathic Recognition# applications submitted (2021 NRMP Main Match)% applicants interviewed (2020 NRMP Main Match)# of positions offered (2021 NRMP Main Match)# of positions (2021 NRMP Main Match)
3001921117University of Kansas School of Medicine ProgramKansas CityKS5918No4091043
3004812343Baylor University Medical Center ProgramDallasTX4712No4777.955
3003821286Ohio State University Hospital ProgramColumbusOH4124No47912.144
3004621333University of South Dakota ProgramSioux FallsSD4040No2163.921
3000511025University of California Davis Health ProgramSacramentoCA3823No37915.733
3003521265SUNY Upstate Medical University ProgramSyracuseNY3614No57012.655
3003221198Dartmouth-Hitchcock/Mary Hitchcock Memorial Hospital ProgramLebanonNH3123No3781044
3000521033University of Southern California/LAC+USC Medical Center ProgramLos AngelesCA3026No33514.666
3004521332Medical University of South Carolina ProgramCharlestonSC3060No42511.455
3000131018University of Alabama Medical Center ProgramBirminghamAL2929No5799.677
3003421218University of New Mexico School of Medicine ProgramAlbuquerqueNM2959No31317.244
3000421024University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) College of Medicine ProgramLittle RockAR2844No48910.655
3003521255NYU Grossman School of Medicine ProgramNew YorkNY2533No55412.377
3001131078University of South Florida Morsani ProgramTampaFL2331No4698.133
3003611267University of North Carolina Hospitals ProgramChapel HillNC2067No36716.655
3000521028Loma Linda University Health Education Consortium ProgramLoma LindaCA1931No5781355
3004811345University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center ProgramDallasTX1935No47914.599
3004921360University of Utah Health ProgramSalt Lake CityUT1981No33818.955
3005011361University of Vermont Medical Center ProgramBurlingtonVT1975No27017.144
3002121123Louisiana State University ProgramNew OrleansLA180No5421733
3002821185University of Missouri-Columbia ProgramColumbiaMO1836No6697.633
3001021416National Capital Consortium ProgramBethesdaMD1783No
3001621098University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago ProgramChicagoIL176No58713.566
3001621094McGaw Medical Center of Northwestern University ProgramChicagoIL1660No52313.766
3001821116University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics ProgramIowa CityIA1545No44014.966
3004112323Allegheny Health Network Medical Education Consortium (AGH) ProgramPittsburghPA1515No5547.133
3000321023University of Arizona College of Medicine-Tucson ProgramTucsonAZ1436No4625.944
3002621179Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science (Rochester) ProgramRochesterMN1448No53117.177
3002631178University of Minnesota ProgramMinneapolisMN1457No77511.744
3003812278Cleveland Clinic Foundation ProgramClevelandOH1432No57515.977
3000511047Los Angeles County-Harbor-UCLA Medical Center ProgramTorranceCA1331No3308.544
3000512030Cedars-Sinai Medical Center ProgramLos AngelesCA1344No3786.954
3001121073University of Florida ProgramGainesvilleFL1360No47044
3002431419Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center/Harvard Medical School ProgramBostonMA1358No36831.41010
3005111366Virginia Commonwealth University Health System ProgramRichmondVA1325No33515.344
3005621377Medical College of Wisconsin Affiliated Hospitals ProgramMilwaukeeWI1331No4556.544
3003521263University of Rochester ProgramRochesterNY1128No6176.966
3003611270Wake Forest University School of Medicine ProgramWinston-SalemNC1158No4177.855
3005421367University of Washington ProgramSeattleWA1182No42419.587
3000821062Yale-New Haven Medical Center ProgramNew HavenCT1053No4262199
3003511253New York Presbyterian Hospital (Cornell Campus) ProgramNew YorkNY1060No48913.166
3004811349University of Texas Medical Branch Hospitals ProgramGalvestonTX1038No4968.555
3005631376University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics ProgramMadisonWI1024No40711.576
3000521044University of California (San Francisco) ProgramSan FranciscoCA976No37617.21010
3003321381Rutgers Health/New Jersey Medical School ProgramNewarkNJ80No61411.900
3004121324UPMC Medical Education ProgramPittsburghPA831No51811.488
3004721341Vanderbilt University Medical Center ProgramNashvilleTN892No38215.466
3004811352University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston ProgramHoustonTX819No54017.577
3001611095Rush University Medical Center ProgramChicagoIL77No51912.444
3002331135University of Maryland ProgramBaltimoreMD786No4579.344
3003521396Stony Brook Medicine/University Hospital ProgramStony BrookNY729No565744
3004321414Brown University ProgramProvidenceRI625No5258.244
3000511034UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine/UCLA Medical Center ProgramLos AngelesCA577No32715.166
3001621097University of Chicago ProgramChicagoIL573No8338.888
3001721111Indiana University School of Medicine ProgramIndianapolisIN530No4581144
3002811193Washington University/B-JH/SLCH Consortium ProgramSt. LouisMO562No51012.31111
3003511237New York Presbyterian Hospital (Columbia Campus) ProgramNew YorkNY555No50411.177
3003521260SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University ProgramBrooklynNY519No54913.266
3000721055University of Colorado ProgramAuroraCO483No40418.965
3002521158University of Michigan Health System ProgramAnn ArborMI493No46120.277
3004121314University of Pennsylvania Health System ProgramPhiladelphiaPA376No49920.91111
3004831350Baylor College of Medicine ProgramHoustonTX348No54015.488
3000521040University of California (San Diego) Medical Center ProgramLa JollaCA083No34920.466
3000521046Stanford Health Care-Sponsored Stanford University ProgramStanfordCA097No34719.51212
3000521407University of California (Irvine) ProgramOrangeCA044No40915.666
3001031069George Washington University ProgramWashingtonDC08No59512.744
3002121122Tulane University ProgramNew OrleansLA050No4155.133
3002311129Johns Hopkins University ProgramBaltimoreMD086No42212.61313
3002421400UMass Chan Medical School ProgramWorcesterMA013No5518.244
3002431143Massachusetts General Hospital ProgramBostonMA0100No43917.51111
3002431146Brigham and Women's Hospital ProgramBostonMA086No48213.51111
3002521165Detroit Medical Center/Wayne State University ProgramDetroitMI018No5627.433
3003521251Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (Mount Sinai Hospital) ProgramNew YorkNY039No6289.966
3003621269Duke University Hospital ProgramDurhamNC0100No43722.466
3003921295University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center ProgramOklahoma CityOK069No5067.844
3004011302Oregon Health & Science University ProgramPortlandOR045No47210.233
3004221385University of Puerto Rico ProgramSan JuanPR070No1024.333
3004823420Methodist Hospital (Houston) ProgramHoustonTX063No55212.755
3005111362University of Virginia Medical Center ProgramCharlottesvilleVA083No37816.766
3000111019USA Health ProgramMobileALNo5077.933
3000121017Brookwood Baptist Health ProgramBirminghamALNo4135.721
3000512011Naval Medical Center (San Diego) ProgramSan DiegoCANo
3000712048Centura Health Corporation ProgramColorado SpringsCONo29612.922
3000811057Danbury Hospital ProgramDanburyCTNo5758.422
3000811059Hartford Hospital ProgramHartfordCTNo59810.833
3001011068MedStar Health/Georgetown University Hospital ProgramWashingtonDCNo581633
3001021070Howard University ProgramWashingtonDCNo322733
3001100001HCA Healthcare: East Florida Division GME ProgramPlantationFLNo021
3001100080HCA Healthcare/USF Morsani College of Medicine GME: Brandon Regional Hospital ProgramBrandonFLNo5624.322
3001112077Orlando Health ProgramOrlandoFLNo4154.422
3001121075University of Miami/Jackson Health System ProgramMiamiFLNo54312.166
3001131074University of Florida College of Medicine Jacksonville ProgramJacksonvilleFLNo4878.122
3001131076Mount Sinai Medical Center of Florida ProgramMiami BeachFLNo4173.200
3001221080Emory University School of Medicine ProgramAtlantaGANo46699
3001221082Medical College of Georgia ProgramAugustaGANo4416.822
3001421085University of Hawaii ProgramHonoluluHINo5162.831
3001621394Loyola University Medical Center ProgramMaywoodILNo5749.844
3001621412University of Chicago (NorthShore) ProgramEvanstonILNo5378.333
3002021120University of Kentucky College of Medicine ProgramLexingtonKYNo4281744
3002021121University of Louisville School of Medicine ProgramLouisvilleKYNo4749.533
3002131126Louisiana State University (Shreveport) ProgramShreveportLANo4765.444
3002312015National Institutes of Health Clinical Center ProgramBethesdaMDNo4788.633
3002421139Boston University Medical Center ProgramBostonMANo4687.222
3002421145Tufts Medical Center ProgramBostonMANo7977.333
3002421413UMass Chan - Baystate ProgramSpringfieldMANo50311.444
3002512160Henry Ford Hospital ProgramDetroitMINo5857.344
3002512162Ascension St John Hospital ProgramDetroitMINo55611.122
3002521173Beaumont Health (Royal Oak) ProgramRoyal OakMINo5686.133
3002721182University of Mississippi Medical Center ProgramJacksonMSNo3978.744
3002821192St Louis University School of Medicine ProgramSt LouisMONo406333
3002821408University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine ProgramKansas CityMONo4806.422
3003021195Creighton University School of Medicine (Omaha) ProgramOmahaNENo3879.122
3003021197University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Medicine ProgramOmahaNENo27520.844
3003321215Rutgers Health/Robert Wood Johnson Medical School ProgramNew BrunswickNJNo5235.622
3003321418Rutgers Health/Cooperman Barnabas Medical Center ProgramLivingstonNJNo51710.3
3003500421Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell at Staten Island University Hospital ProgramStaten IslandNYNo5248.522
3003511243Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell at Lenox Hill Hospital ProgramNew YorkNYNo5746.733
3003511266Westchester Medical Center ProgramValhallaNYNo4979.433
3003512229NYU Long Island School of Medicine ProgramMineolaNYNo54010.222
3003521219Albany Medical Center ProgramAlbanyNYNo44118.133
3003521224University at Buffalo ProgramBuffaloNYNo5517.533
3003521230Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine ProgramBronxNYNo59010.866
3003521245Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell ProgramGreenvaleNYNo46910.944
3003521398Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (Morningside/West) ProgramNew YorkNYNo6198.555
3003621404Vidant Medical Center/East Carolina University ProgramGreenvilleNCNo719933
3003811272Summa Health System/NEOMED ProgramAkronOHNo3537.233
3003811279The MetroHealth System/Case Western Reserve University ProgramClevelandOHNo5148.333
3003811290University of Toledo ProgramToledoOHNo4158.222
3003821276University of Cincinnati Medical Center/College of Medicine ProgramCincinnatiOHNo7757.633
3003821277Case Western Reserve University/University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center ProgramClevelandOHNo5691177
3004100398Geisinger Health System ProgramDanvillePANo5277.122
3004111308Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center ProgramHersheyPANo6346.333
3004111318Pennsylvania Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania Health System ProgramPhiladelphiaPANo4697.722
3004111321Temple University Hospital ProgramPhiladelphiaPANo5609.344
3004111322Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University/TJUH ProgramPhiladelphiaPANo51011.344
3004711335University of Tennessee Medical Center at Knoxville ProgramKnoxvilleTNNo3624.531
3004712336University of Tennessee ProgramMemphisTNNo4747.722
3004721399East Tennessee State University/Quillen College of Medicine ProgramJohnson CityTNNo4489.922
3004800001Texas Tech University HSC El Paso ProgramEl PasoTXNo
3004800421University of Texas at Austin Dell Medical School ProgramAustinTXNo000
3004811417San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium ProgramJBSA-Fort Sam HoustonTXNo
3004812357Texas A&M College of Medicine-Scott and White Medical Center (Temple) ProgramTempleTXNo4628.422
3004821356University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio Joe and Teresa Lozano Long School of Medicine ProgramSan AntonioTXNo55910.955
3005412009Madigan Army Medical Center ProgramTacomaWANo0
3005511373West Virginia University ProgramMorgantownWVNo4414.633

Concluding Thoughts

Pathology is a moderately competitive specialty for DOs. That said, there are still places for DOs with over 90 residency programs accepting at least one DO. However, DOs hoping to match in some of the most prestigious programs will find it more competitive with only a few programs accepting any DOs (eg., Harvard-MGH and Johns Hopkins).

Are you despairing at your chances of matching into pathology as a DO? Then, check out Never Forget, where you can learn how to master – not memorize – for the impressive USMLE scores to match at your dream residency. And if you’re looking for a residency advisor, look at our residency advisory services.

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